Literature about Twinning

Theory (Geometry, Group Theory, Diffraction,...)
Theory (Statistical Methods...)
Theory (Refinement...)
Theory (Generation of twins...)
Solved Twin Structures
Experimental Methods without Diffraction

Theory (Geometry, Group Theory, Diffraction...)

M. Quiquandon, D. Gratias, A. Sirindil, R. Portier
Merohedral twins revisited: quinary twins and beyond
Acta Cryst. (2016) A72, 55-61

H.D. Flack
Methods of space-group determination - a supplement dealing with twinned crystals and metric specialization
Acta Cryst. (2015) C71, 916-920

M. Nespolo
Tips and traps on crystal twinning: how to fully describe your twin
Cryst. Res. Technol. (2015) 50, 362-371

M.A. Marzouki, B. Souvignier, M. Nespolo
Analysis of the structural continuity in twinned crystals in terms of pseudo-eigensymmetry of crystallographic orbits
IUCrJ (2014) 1, 39-48

E. Makovicky
Twinning of aragonite - the OD approach
Miner. Petrol. (2012) 106, 19-24

Y. Zhang, Z. Li, C. Esling, J. Muller, X. Zhao, L. Zuo
A general method to determine twinning elements
J. Appl. Cryst. (2010) 43, 1426-1430

H. Klapper, Th. Hahn
The application of eigensymmetries of face forms to anomalous scattering and twinning by merohedry in X-ray diffraction
Acta Cryst. (2010) A66, 327-346

M. Nespolo, G. Ferraris
Overlooked problems in manifold twins: twin misfit in zero-obliquity TLQS twinning and twin index calculation
Acta Cryst. (2007) A63, 278-286

M. Nespolo, G. Ferraris
The derivation of twin laws in non-merohedric twins. Application to the analysis of hybrid twins
Acta Cryst. (2006) A62, 336-349

M. Nespolo, G. Ferraris
Hybrid twinning - a cooperative type of oriented crystal association
Z. Kristallogr. (2005) 220, 317-323

H. Grimmer, K. Kunze
Twinning by reticular pseudo-merohedry in trigonal, tetragonal and hexagonal crystals
Acta Cryst. (2004) A60, 220-232

M. Nespolo, G. Ferraris
Applied geminography - symmetry analysis of twinned crystals and definition of twinning by reticular polyholohedry
Acta Cryst. (2004) A60, 89-95

M. Nespolo, G. Ferraris, S. Durovic, Y. Takeuchi
Twins vs. modular crystal structures
Z. Kristallogr. (2004) 219, 773-778

S. Parsons
Introduction to twinning
Acta Cryst. (2003) D59, 1995-2003

H. Henke
Crystal structures, order-disorder transition and twinning of the Jahn-Teller system (NO)2VCl6
Z. Kristallogr. (2003) 218, 617-625

Y. Le Page
Mallard's law recast as a Diophantine system: fast and complete enumeration of possible twin laws by [reticular] [pseudo] merohedry
J. Appl. Cryst. (2002) 35, 175-181

M. Nespolo, G. Ferraris
Twinning by syngonic and metric merohedry. Analysis, classification and effects on the diffraction pattern
Z. Kristallogr. (2000) 215, 77-81

V.G. Young
Non-Merohedrical Twinning and the CCD Area Detector
Annual Meeting of the ACA (1999)

M. Hostettler, H. Birkedal, M. Gardon, G. Chapuis, D. Schwarzenbach, M. Bonin
Phase-transition-induced twinning in the 1:1 adduct of hexamethylenetetramine and azelaic acid
Acta Cryst. (1999) B55, 448-458

V.K. Wadhawan
A Tensor Classification of Twinning in Crystals
Acta Cryst. (1997) A53, 546-555

Ch. Teipel, H. Follner
Formation of organic twins
Z. Krist. (1988) 185, 415

H.D. Flack
The Derivation of Twin Laws for (Pseudo-)Merohedry by Coset Decomposition
Acta Cryst. (1987) A43, 564-568

Y. Le Page, J.D.H. Donnay, G. Donnay
Printing Sets of Structure Factors for Coping with Orientation Ambiguities and Possible Twinning by Merohedry
Acta Cryst. (1984) A40, 679-684

M. Senechal
The genesis of growth twins
Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. (1980) 25, 520-524

K. Tichy, J. Benes
Diffractometry of Closely Superimposed Twins and Clusters: A Method and a Program for Establishing UB Matrices of Single-Crystal Individuals
J. Appl. Cryst. (1979) 12, 10-14

K. Tichy, J. Benes
A method and a computer program for measurement of intensities from twinned and clustered crystals on a 4-circle diffractometer
Helv. Phys. Acta (1977) 50, 459-466

W. Denner, H. D'Amour, H. Schulz, W. Stoeger
Intensity Measurements of Twinned or Grown-together Crystals on Single-Crystal Diffractometers
J. Appl. Cryst. (1977) 10, 177-179

H. Wondratschek, W. Jeitschko
Twin Domains and Antiphase Domains
Acta Cryst. (1976) A32, 664-666

M. Catti, G. Ferraris
Twinning by Merohedry and X-ray Crystal Structure Determination
Acta Cryst. (1976) A32, 163-165

A. Santoro
Characterization of Twinning
Acta Cryst. (1974) A30, 224-231

G. Donnay, J.D.H. Donnay
Classification of Triperiodic Twins
Can. Mineral. (1974) 12, 422-425

C.T. Grainger
A Chart for Interpreting the Weissenberg Photographs of Pseudo-Merohedral Twins
Acta Cryst. (1969) A25, 435-438

C.J. Calbick, R.B. Marcus
Application of the Twinning Transformation Matrix to Derivation of the Generalized Reciprocal Lattice with Multiple Diffraction
Acta Cryst. (1967) 23, 12-17

G.M. Wolten
A computer program to investigate reticular pseudomerohedry
Acta Cryst. (1966) 21, 450

K. Dornberger-Schiff
Reinterpretation of Pseudo-Orthorhombic Diffraction Patterns
Acta Cryst. (1966) 21, 311-322

K. Lonsdale
A New Kind of Twinning
Acta Cryst. (1966) 21, 5-7

J.D. Dunitz
The Interpretation of Pseudo-Orthorhombic Diffraction Patterns
Acta Cryst. (1964) 17, 1299-1304

G.M. Wolten, A.B. Chase
Twinning of Monoclinic Crystals as a Function of Habit Type and Centrosymmetry
J. Chem. Phys. (1964) 41, 2966-2973

A.J. Frueh
Fourier Projections of Twinned Crystals
Nature (1962) 193, 1172

K. Dornberger-Schiff
Relation of symmetry to structure in twinning. II.
Acta Cryst. (1961) 14, 1003

K. Dornberger-Schiff, H. Grell-Niemann
On the Theory of Order-Disorder (OD) Structures
Acta Cryst. (1961) 14, 167-177

R. Sadanaga, Y. Takeuchi
Polysynthetic twinning of micas
Z. Krist. (1961) 116, 406-429

M.A. Jaswon, D.B. Dove
The Crystallography of Deformation Twinning
Acta Cryst. (1960) 13, 232-240

K. Dornberger-Schiff
Relation of symmetry to structure in twinning.
Acta Cryst. (1959) 12, 246

H. Curien, J.D.H. Donnay
The Symmetry of the Complete Twin
Amer. Mineral. (1959) 44, 1067-1070

W.T. Holser
Point Groups and Plane Groups in a Two-Sided Plane and their Subgroups
Z. Krist. (1958) 110, 266-281

W.T. Holser
Relation of Symmetry to Structure in Twinning.
Z. Krist. (1958) 110, 249-265

M.A. Jaswon, D.B. Dove
Twinning Properties of Lattice Planes
Acta Cryst. (1956) 9, 621-626

P. Hartman
On the Morphology of Growth Twins
Z. Krist. (1956) 107, 225-237

G. Donnay, J.D.H. Donnay, V.J. Hurst
Precession Goniometry to Identify Neighboring Twins
Acta Cryst. (1955) 8, 507-509

R.W. Cahn
Twinned Crystals
Advanc. Phys. (1954) 3, 363-445

M.J. Buerger
The genesis of twin crystals
Amer. Min. (1945) 30, 469-482

top of document

Theory (Statistical Methods...)

V.Y. Lunin
A noncrystallographic screw axis parallel to a twin axis can corrupt intensity statistics
Acta Cryst. (2012) D68, 732-734

V.Y. Lunin, N.L. Lunina, M.W. Baumstark
Estimates of the twinning fraction for macromolecular crystals using statistical models accounting for experimental errors
Acta Cryst. (2007) D63, 1129-1138

A.A. Lebedev, A.A. Vagin, G.N. Murshudov
Intensity statistics in twinned crystals with examples from the PDB
Acta Cryst. (2006) D62, 83-95

P. Dumas, E. Ennifar, P. Walter
Detection and treatment of twinning: an improvement and new results
Acta Cryst. (1999) D55, 1179-1187

V. Kahlenberg
Application and comparison of different tests on twinning by merohedry
Acta Cryst. (1999) B55, 745-751

T.O. Yeates
Detecting and Overcoming Crystal Twinning
Methods Enzymol. (1997) 276, 344-358

T.O. Yeates
Simple Statistics for Intensity Data from Twinned Specimens
Acta Cryst. (1988) A44, 142-144

V. Petricek, I. Cisarova, V. Subrtova
Structure of (+)-5-Bromo-6,9-bis(dimethylsulphido)-nido-decaborane(12), C4H23B10BrS2, Determined with a Twinned Crystal
Acta Cryst. (1983) C39, 1070-1072

D.C. Rees
A General Theory of X-ray Intensity Statistics for Twins by Merohedry
Acta Cryst. (1982) A38, 201-207

I. Cisarova, C. Novak, V. Petricek, B. Kratochvil, J. Loub
The Structure of Twinned Manganese(III) Hydrogenbis(orthophosphite) Dihydrate
Acta Cryst. (1982) B38, 1687-1689

D.C. Rees
The Influence of Twinning by Merohedry on Intensity Statistics
Acta Cryst. (1980) A36, 578-581

R.G. Fisher, R.M. Sweet
Treatment of Diffraction Data from Protein Crystals Twinned by Merohedry
Acta Cryst. (1980) A36, 755-760

E. Stanley
The Identification of Twins from Intensity Statistics
J. Appl. Cryst. (1972) 5, 191-194

D. Britton
Estimation of twinning parameter for twins with exactly superimposed reciprocal lattices
Acta Cryst. (1972) A28, 296-297

top of document

Theory (Refinement...)

I. Guzei, R. Herbst-Irmer, A. Munyaneza, J. Darkwa
Detailed example of the identification and crystallographic analysis of a pseudo-merohedrally twinned crystal
Acta Cryst. (2012) B68, 150-157

G.N. Murshudov, P. Skubak, A.A. Lebedev, N.S. Pannu, R.A. Steiner, R.A. Nicholls, M.D. Winn, F. Long, A.A. Vagin
REFMAC5 for the refinement of macromolecular crystal structures
Acta Cryst. (2011) D67, 355-367

R. Herbst-Irmer, G.M. Sheldrick
Refinement of obverse/reverse twins
Acta Cryst. (2002) B58, 477-481

R.I. Cooper, R.O. Gould, S. Parsons, D.J. Watkin
The derivation of non-merohedral twin laws during refinement by analysis of poorly fitting intensity data and the refinement of non-merohedrally twinned crystal structures in the program CRYSTALS
J. Appl. Cryst. (2002) 35, 168-174

R. Herbst-Irmer, G.M. Sheldrick
Refinement of Twinned Structures with SHELXL97
Acta Cryst. (1998) B54, 443-449

T. Araki
Crystal structure determination for crystals with twinning by hemihedry or pseudohemihedry
Z. Krist. (1991) 194, 161-191

W. Hönle, H.G. von Schnering
Can X-ray crystal structure analysis decide between twinning by pseudo-merohedry and statistical distribution in YBa2Cu3O7?
Z. Krist. (1988) 184, 301-305

A. Karrer, J.D. Dunitz
Are (TSeT)2I crystals homochiral or microtwinned?
Acta Cryst. (1987) A43, 430-431

G.B. Jameson
On Structure Refinement Using Data from a Twinned Crystal
Acta Cryst. (1982) A38, 817-820

F.C. Hawthorne
Refinement of merohedrally twinned crystals
Acta Cryst. (1974) A30, 603-604

C.T. Grainger
Pseudo-Merohedral Twinning: The Treatment of Overlapped Data
Acta Cryst. (1969) A25, 427-434

G.S. Smith, L.E. Alexander
Refinement of the Atomic Parameters of α-Quarz
Acta Cryst. (1963) 16, 462-471

top of document

Generation of Twins

S. Takamizawa, Y. Takasaki
Superelastic Shape Recovery of Mechanically Twinned 3,5-Difluorobenzoic Acid Crystals
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2015) 54, 4815-4817

M. Nespolo, G. Ferraris
The oriented attachment mechanism in the formation of twins - a survey
Eur. J. Mineral. (2004) 16, 401-406

I.L. Bataronov, T.A. Dzigrashvili, A.M. Roschupkin
The Analytical Theory of The Crystallography of Mechanical Twinning
Ferroelectrics (1996) 175, 1-11

I.L. Bataronov, T.A. Dzigrashvili, A.M. Roschupkin
The crystallographic calculation of the elements of mechanical twinning in crystals
Z. Krist. (1995) 210, 167-172

top of document

Solved Twin Structures


top of document

S.R. Parkin
Practical hints and tips for solution of pseudo-merohedric twins: three case studies
Acta Cryst. (2021) E77, 452-465

E. Makovicky
Twinning of Tetrahedrite - OD Approach
Minerals (2021) 11, 170

top of document

M. Lutz, J.F. Vliem, H.P. Rodenburg
Twinning in 5-fluorosalicylic acid: description of a new polymorph
Acta Cryst. (2018) C74, 1-6

J.A. van der Horn, B. Souvignier, M. Lutz
Crystallization, Structure Determination and Reticular Twinning in Iron(III) Salicylate: Fe[(HSal)(Sal)(H2O)2]
Crystals (2017) 7, 377

B. Bichler, C. Holzhacker, M. Glatz, B. Stöger, K. Kirchner
Twinning of three Fe-PNP pincer complexes interpreted according to order-disorder (OD) theory
Acta Cryst. (2015) B71, 524-534

M. Lutz, T.J.S. de Klein, J. Huijben
5-Iodouracil: structure of a reflection twin
Acta Cryst. (2015) C71, 912-915

B. Stöger, B. Pokorny, D. Lumpi, E. Zobetz, J. Fröhlich
The twinning of two closely related phenylisoxazoles interpreted according to order-disorder theory
Z. Kristallogr. (2013) 228, 106-112

M. Lutz, A. Schouten
L-Alanine methyl ester hydrochloride monohydrate
Acta Cryst. (2011) E67, o586

G. Madariaga, A. Faik, T. Breczewski, J.M. Igartua
Crystal Growth and twinned crystal structure of Sr2CaWO6
Acta Cryst. (2010) B66, 109-116

M. Lutz
Twinned low-temperature structures of tris(ethylenediamine)zinc(II) sulfate and tris(ethylenediamine)copper(II) sulfate
Acta Cryst. (2010) C66, m330-m335

top of document

I.A. Guzei, C. Wang, Y. Zhan, O.V. Dolomanov, Y.-Q. Cheng
Pseudomerohedrally twinned monoclinic structure of unfolded 'free' nonactin: comparative analysis of its large conformational change upon encapsulation of alkali metal ions
Acta Cryst. (2009) C65, o521-o524

B. Pokroy, M. Kapon, F. Marin, N. Adir, E. Zolotoyabko
Protein-Induced Previously Unidentified Twin Form of Calcite
PNAS (2007) 104, 7337-7341

J. Nuss, N. Z. Ali, M. Jansen
Structure of RbFeO2, refined from a reticular pseudomerohedrally twinned crystal with six domains
Acta Cryst. (2007) B63, 719-725

D. Schwarzenbach, K. Kirschbaum, A.A. Pinkerton
Order-disorder twinning model and stacking faults in alpha-NTO
Acta Cryst. (2006) B62, 944-948

A.D. Rae, S. Mossin, H.O. Sorensen
Structure refinement of a twinned pseudo-symmetric crystal of [Mn(C10H24N4(NCO)2]+ . ClO4-
Acta Cryst. (2005) B61, 407-417

M. Lutz, A.L. Spek, B.C. van der Wiel, C.A. van Walree
Pseudomerohedrally twinned crystal structure of 2,3-diphenylbuta-1,3-diene
Acta Cryst. (2005) C61, o300-o302

L. Lehtiö, I. Fabrichniy, T. Hansen, P. Schönheit, A. Goldman
Unusual twinning in an acetyl coenzyme A synthetase (ADP-forming) from Pyrococcus furiosus
Acta Cryst. (2005) D61, 350-354

J.G. Diaz, J. Kozisek, M. Fronc, A. Gatial, I. Svoboda, V. Langer
Pseudo-merohedrally twinned tetrakis(1H-imidazole-N3)bis (N-nitrocyanamidato-N)copper(II)
Acta Cryst. (2005) C61, m180-m182

V. Langer, L. Smrcok, Y. Masuda
Pseudo-merohedrally twinned praseodymium hexacyanoferrate(III) tetrahydrate
Acta Cryst. (2004) C60, i104-i106

Z. Stefanic, A. Meden, M. Lutz, A.M.M. Schreurs, B. Kojic-Prodic
The twinned crystal structure of rac-(R,R)-N,N'-oxalyldivalinol
Acta Cryst. (2004) C60, o754-o756

C.J. Baylies, L.P. Harding, J.C. Jeffrey, T. Riis-Johannessen, C.R. Rice
Allosteric and Electrostatic Reprogramming of a Ditopic Ligand
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2004) 43, 4515-4518

A.V. Churakov, J.A.K. Howard
Redetermination of triethylammonium chloride in the space group P31c
Acta Cryst. (2004) C60, o557-o558

M. Lutz, A.L. Spek, R. Dabirian, C.A. van Walree, L.W. Jenneskens
Twinning by merohedry in cyclohexanone oxime: a revised structure
Acta Cryst. (2004) C60, o127-o129

J.N. Low, J. Cobo, S. Cruz, J. Quiroga, C. Glidewell
Acta Cryst. (2003) C59, o666-o668

S.W. Ng, A.D. Rae
The twinned and disordered crystal structure of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)silver(I)bis(trifluoroacetato) triphenylstannate(IV)
Z. Kristallogr. (2003) 218, 581-584

M.A. Zuideveld, B.H.G. Swennenhuis, M.D.K. Boele, Y. Guari, G.P.F. van Strijdonck, J.N.H. Reek, P.C.J. Kamer, K. Goubitz, J. Fraanje, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek, P.W.N.M. van Leeuwen
The coordination behaviour of large natural bite angle diphosphine ligands towards methyl and 4-cyanophenylpalladium(II) complexes
J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. (2002), 2308-2317

D.J.M. Bevan, E. Rossmanith, D.K. Mylrea, S.E. Ness, M.R. Taylor, C. Cuff
On the structure of aragonite - Lawrence Bragg revisited
Acta Cryst. (2002) B58, 448-456

G. Ferraris, A. Gula, G. Ivaldi, M. Nespolo, G. Raade
Crystal structure of kristiansenite: a case of class IIB twinning by metric merohedry
Z. Kristallogr. (2001) 216, 442-448

G. Ferraris, M. Prencipe, E.V. Sokolova, V.M. Gekimyants, W.M. Spiridonov
Hydroxylclinohumite, a new member of the humite group: twinning, crystal structure and crystal chemistry of the clinohumite subgroup
Z. Kristallogr. (2000) 215, 169-173

top of document

M. Lutz, H. Hagen, A.M.M. Schreurs, A.L. Spek, G. van Koten
The twinned structure of the µ-isopropoxido-diisopropoxido(p-tolylimido)-vanadium(V) dimer, twin refinement against CCD area-detector data
Acta Cryst. (1999) C55, 1636-1639

C. D. Ling, S. Schmid, R. L. Withers, J. G. Thompson, N. Ishizawa, S. Kishimoto
Solution and refinement of the crystal structure of Bi7Ta3O18
Acta Cryst. (1999) B55, 157-164

M. Partik, C. Kringe, H.D. Lutz
X-ray structure determination of pseudomerohedrally twinned CoGe1.5S1.5 and CoGe1.5Se1.5, absorption correction
Z. Kristallogr. (1996) 211, 304-312

M. Partik, Ch. Wickel, H.D. Lutz, T. Roisnel
Structural Phase Transitions and Pseudomerohedrally Twinning of Li2FeBr4
J. Solid State Chem. (1996) 124, 292-299

A. Pfitzner, H.D. Lutz
Redetermination of the Crystal Structure of g -In2Se3 by Twin Crystal X-Ray Method
J. Solid State Chem. (1996) 124, 305-308

S. Peter, E. Suchanek, D. Eßer und H.D. Lutz
Die Zwillings-Kristallstruktur von Mg(BrO3)2.6H2O
Z. Naturforsch. (1996) 51b, 1072-1078

C. Gueneau, C. Servant, F. D'Yvoire, N. Rodier
Acta Cryst. (1995) C51, 177-179

F. Marken, H.W. Marx, U. Englert
Crystal Structure of Twinned (C5(CH3)4CF3)(C5(CH3)5)Ru
Struct. Chem. (1994) 5, 177-181

S. Neyses, P. Paetzold, U. Englert
Crystal Structure of the Twinned Tetramethylurea Adduct of 2-Phenyl-1,3-dioxa-2-borolane-4,5-dione
Struct. Chem. (1994) 5, 51-55

M. Bolte
Refinement of a Twinned Structure with SHELXL93: meso-2,2'-[1,6-Bis(methylamino)-3,4-dithia-1,6-hexanediyl]diphenol
Acta Cryst. (1994) C50, 1368-1370

J. Kopf, M. Morf, B. Zimmer, E.T.K. Haupt, O. Jarchow, P. Köll
The crystal and molecular structure of threitol
Carbohydr. Res. (1993) 247, 119-128

H.W. Schmalle, T. Williams, A. Reller, A. Linden, J.G. Bednorz
The Twin Structure of La2Ti2O7: X-ray and Transmission Electron Microscopy Studies
Acta Cryst. (1993) B49, 235-244

J.R. Seidensticker, E.R. Ryba
The Geometry of Twinning in HoCu2
Acta Cryst. (1993) B49, 213-216

M. Braden, G. Heger, P. Schweiss, Z. Fisk, K. Gamayunov, I. Tanaka, H. Kojima
Characterization and structural analysis of twinned La2-xSrxCuO4 crystals by neutron diffraction
Physica (1992) C191, 455-468

U. Muller, R. Hoppe
Korrektur zu den Kristallstrukturen von CaMnF5 und CdMnF5
Z. anorg. allg. Chem. (1990) 583, 205-208

top of document

S. Sato, K. Kobayashi
Structure Based on a Twinned Crystal of Wolffram's Red Salt
Acta Cryst. (1987) C43, 1863-1866

S. Capasso, L. Mazzarella, A. Zagari, A. Immirzi
Conformation of cyclic disulfides: the twinned layered structure of (1R,2S,7R,8S)-1,2,7,8-tetrahydroxy-4,5,10,11-tetrathiacyclododecane
J. Cryst. Spectr. Res. (1984) 14, 303-314

H. Leligny, J.C. Monier
Macle par Pseudosymetrie et par Penetration de l'Hydrate 2[Ca(H2O)7][Cd6Cl16(H2O)2].H2O. Interpretation Morphologique et Structurale
Acta Cryst. (1983) B39, 427-430

W. Steurer, W. Adlhart
Structures and Phase Transitions of Bis(N-methylsalicylaldiminato)nickel(II)
Acta Cryst. (1983) B39,344-349

D. Eilerman, R. Lippman, R. Rudman
Polymorphism of Crystalline Poly(hydroxymethyl) Compounds. VII. Structure and Twinning of 2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-1,3-propanediol
Acta Cryst. (1983) B39, 263-266

K. Hermansson, J.O. Thomas
The Structure and Electron Deformation Density of LiNO2.H2O at 295 K
Acta Cryst. (1983) C39, 930-936

J.P. Legros, D. Troy
A Case of Twinning: Structure of Dichloro[1,2-dicyclohexyl-1,2-bis(diethylamino)- 1,2-dithioxodi-phosphane]palladium(II)
Acta Cryst. (1983) B39, 337-343

N.W. Alcock, T.J. Kemp, P.J. Sellars, B.W. Waters
1-Benzyloxy-3-methyl-4-nitrobenzene, C14H13NO3: Apparent Red and Yellow Forms
Acta Cryst. (1983) C39, 78-80

M. Catti, G. Gazzoni, G. Ivaldi
Structures of Twinned Sr2SiO4 and of Sr1.9Ba0.1SiO4
Acta Cryst. (1983) C39, 29-34

H. van Koningsveld
Twinning by Pseudomerohedry in Ammonium Tetrachlorozincate. A Reinvestigation of the Crystal Structure at Room Temperature
Acta Cryst. (1983) C39, 15-19

J.D.H. Donnay, G. Donnay
The Staurolite Story
TMPM Tschermaks Min. Petr. Mitt. (1983) 31, 1-15

G.B. Jameson, R. Schneider, E. Dubler, H.R. Oswald
Tris(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) Sulphate at 110 K. Structure Determination in the Presence of Twinning
Acta Cryst. (1982) B38, 3016-3020

W.H. Baur, T. Ohta, R.D. Shannon
Structure of Magnesium Disodium Silicate Na2MgSiO4 and Ionic Conductivity in Tetrahedral Structures
Acta Cryst. (1981) B37, 1483-1491

T. Sakai, H. Terauchi
Structure of Anilinium Bromide in the Low-Temperature Phase
Acta Cryst. (1981) B37, 2101-2103

E. Dowty
Atomic structure of Carlsbad and Carlsbad-albite twins in feldspar
Z. Krist. (1980) 152, 201-206

F.J.M. Freijee, C.H. Stam
Arsatriptycene and Phosphatriptycene
Acta Cryst. (1980) B36, 1247-1249

G. Donnay, J.D.H. Donnay, J. Beckerle
Multiple twinning in Co(C15H11OS)3
J. Appl. Cryst. (1980) 13, 397-398

top of document

R. Krauss, H. Schulz, R. Nesper, K.H. Thiemann
The Crystal Structure and the Twinning of 9,10-Dichloroanthracene
Acta Cryst. (1979) B35, 1419-1424

V. Schomaker, R.E. Marsh
The Crystal Structure of Bis(tetraethylammonium) Tetrachlorodioxouranate(VI): Correction from P-1 to P21/n
Acta Cryst. (1979) B35, 1094-1099

N.W. Alcock, P. de Meester
Twinning and Pseudo-Symmetry in Two Complexes of Uranyl Chloride with Dibenzylideneacetone
Acta Cryst. (1979) B35, 609-611

W. Jeitschko, D.J. Braun
Synthesis and Crystal Structure of the Iron Polyphosphide FeP4
Acta Cryst. (1978) B34, 3196-3201

K. Okada, F. Marumo, S. Iwai
The Crystal Structure of K2W4O13
Acta Cryst. (1978) B34, 3193-3195

P.-T. Cheng, S.C. Nyburg
Contact Twinning of Embedded Polymorphs: The Crystal and Molecular Structures of Two of the Polymorphs of Tri-tert-butylmethyl-p-Nitrobenzoate
Acta Cryst. (1978) B34, 3001-3004

T.N. Bhat, M. Vijayan
X-ray Studies of Crystalline Complexes Involving Amino Acids. III. The Structure of the Twinned Pseudosymmetric Crystals of a Complex Between Histidine and Aspartic Acid
Acta Cryst. (1978) B34, 2556-2565

N.N. Dhaneshwar, S.S. Tavale, L.M. Pant
The Crystal Structure of and Twinning in o-Nitroaniline
Acta Cryst. (1978) B34, 2507-2509

G.J.H. van Nes, A. Vos
Single-Crystal Structures and Electron Density Distributions of Ethane, Ethylene and Acetylene. I. Single Crystal X-ray Structure Determinations of Two Modifications of Ethane
Acta Cryst. (1978) B34, 1947-1956

J.H. Konnert, D.E. Appleman
The Crystal Structure of Low Tridymite
Acta Cryst. (1978) B34, 391-403

M. Ghosh, S. Ray
Twinning and disorder in zinc perchlorate hexahydrate crystals
Z. Kristallogr. (1977) 145, 146-154

K. Toman
The Symmetry and Crystal Structure of Olivenite
Acta Cryst. (1977) B33, 2628-2631

D. Losman, R. Karlsson, G.M. Sheldrick
2-Deoxy-12-oxolemnacarnol; A Case of Twinning
Acta Cryst. (1977) B33, 1959-1962

J.Z. Gougoutas
Solid-State Chemistry of Organic Polyvalent Iodine Compounds. 10. Sequential, Competitive, and Reversible Topotactic Transformations
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1977) 99, 127-132

D. Britton, Y.M. Chow
The Crystal Structure of Silver Dicyanamide, AgN(CN)2
Acta Cryst. (1977) B33, 697-699

E.I. Lerner, S.J. Lippard
Heavy-Metal Complexes of 2,4,6-Tris(2-pyrimidyl)-1,3,5-triazine. Structure of a Dilead Derivative
Inorg. Chem. (1977) 16, 1537-1546

E. Parthe
The CrB and Related Structure Types Interpreted by Periodic Unit-Cell Twinning of Close-Packed Structures
Acta Cryst. (1976) B32, 2813-2818

Y. Le Page, G. Donnay
Refinement of the Crystal Structure of Low-Quartz
Acta Cryst. (1976) B32, 2456-2459

C. Huiszoon
The Crystal and Molecular Structure of 1,3-Diazanaphthalene
Acta Cryst. (1976) B32, 998-1003

J.L. Baudour, Y. Delugeard, H. Cailleau
Transition Structurale dans le Polyphenyles. I. Structure Cristalline de la Phase Basse Temperature du p-Terphenyle a 113 K
Acta Cryst. (1976) B32, 150-154

J.L. Hodeau, M. Marezio, C. Schlenker, R. Buder, S. Lakkis
Twinning in Ti4O7
J. Appl. Cryst. (1976) 9, 391-393

N. Yamazoe, L. Kihlborg
Mo5O14-Twinning and Three-Dimensional Structure, Determined from a Partly Tantalum-Substituted Crystal
Acta Cryst. (1975) B31, 1666-1672

P.J. Clarke, H.J. Milledge
The Crystal Structure of Two Polymorphs of Dichlorobis(pyridine)cobalt(II)
Acta Cryst. (1975) B31, 1543-1553

E. Makovicky, B.J. Skinner
Studies of the Sulfosalts of Copper. IV. Structure and Twinning of Sinnerite, Cu6As4S9
Am. Mineral. (1975) 60, 998-1012

T.S. Cameron, J.F. Maguire
The Crystal and Molecular Structure of 2,3-exo-Ferroco-4,4-dimethylbicyclo[3,2,1]octa-2,6-diene, a Product of the Reaction of Cyclopentadiene with the 2-Ferrocenyl-2-propyl Cation
Acta Cryst. (1974) B30, 1357-1360

M. Konno, Y. Saito
The Crystal Structure of Sodium 7,7,8,8-Tetracyanoquinodimethanide
Acta Cryst. (1974) B30, 1294-1299

W. Piesczek, G.R. Strobl, K. Malzahn
Packing of Paraffin Chains in the Four Stable Mofifications of n-Tritriacontane
Acta Cryst. (1974) B30, 1278-1288

D.S. Jones, I.L. Karle
The Structure of 19R-Methoxy-5,19-methyleneoxido-17-acetoxy-5-androstan-3-one
Acta Cryst. (1974) B30, 624-627

P. Murray-Rust
The Crystal Structure of [Co(NH3)6]4Cu5Cl17: a Twinned Cubic Crystal
Acta Cryst. (1973) B29, 2559-2566

J.D.H. Donnay, K. Sudarsanan, R.A. Young
Twinning in Relation to Structural Detail in Cd5(PO4)3Cl, 'Cadmium Chlorapatite'
Acta Cryst. (1973) B29, 814-817

K. Sudarsanan, R.A. Young, J.D.H. Donnay
The Crystal Structure of Twinned Cd5(PO4)3Cl, 'Cadmium Chlorapatite
Acta Cryst. (1973) B29, 808-814

M. Marezio, P.D. Dernier
Twinning in Cr-Doped VO2
Acta Cryst. (1973) A29, 618-621

F.P. Boer
The Crystal Structure of Clopidol (3,5-Dichloro-2,6-Dimethyl-4-Pyridinol)
Acta Cryst. (1972) B28, 3200-3206

R.D. Gilardi, I.L. Karle, J. Karle
The Crystal and Molecular Structure of 11-cis-Retinal
Acta Cryst. (1972) B28, 2605-2612

B.A. Stork-Blaisse, G.C. Verschoor, C. Romers
The Crystal Structure of Some Hexakis(methyl cyanide)metal(II) Tetrachlorometallates(III), M(II)(NCCH3)6[M(III)Cl4]2
Acta Cryst. (1972) B28, 2445-2453

J.J. Madden, E.L. McGandy, N.C. Seeman, M.M. Harding, A. Hoy
The Crystal Structure of the Monoclinic Form of L-Histidine
Acta Cryst. (1972) B28, 2382-2389

J.D. Dunitz, H. Gehrer, D. Britton
The Crystal Structure of Diiodoacetylene; an Example of Pseudosymmetry
Acta Cryst. (1972) B28, 1989-1994

G.W. Stephan, C.H. MacGillavry
The Crystal Structure of Nesquehonite, MgCO3.3H2O
Acta Cryst. (1972) B28, 1031-1033

J.L. de Boer, A. Vos
The Crystal Structure of the Room- and Low-Temperature Modifications of Wurster's Blue Perchlorate, TMPD. ClO4. II. The Low-Temperature Phase
Acta Cryst. (1972) B28, 839-848

M. Laugt, J.C. Guitel, I. Tordjman, G. Bassi
La Structure Cristalline du Tetrametaphosphate de Cuivre, Cu2P4O12
Acta Cryst. (1972) B28, 201-208

M. Cannas, G. Carta, G. Marongiu
Twinning in 5,5'-Biisoxasole
Acta Cryst. (1972) A28, 497-501

U. Müller
Die Kristallstruktur von Hexachlorborazol
Acta Cryst. (1971) B27, 1997-2003

F.H. Herbstein, M. Kapon
Twinned Crystals. IV. TlNO2.4tu and Tl2CO3.8tu
Acta Cryst. (1971) A27, 244-245

F. Wilhelm
The Orientation of High-Order Growth Twins in Diamond-Type Crystals
J. Appl. Cryst. (1971) 4, 521-523

C.S. Pratt, B.A. Coyle, J.A. Ibers
Redetermination of the Structure of Nitrosylpenta-amminecobalt(III) Dichloride
J. Chem. Soc. (A) (1971) 2146-2151

Y. Kai, N. Yasuoka, N. Kasai, M. Kakudo
The Crystal Structure of the Polymerization Catalyst of Acetaldehyde and its Derivatives. I. The Crystal Structure of Dimethylaluminium N-Phenylbenzimidate Dimer
J. Organometal. Chem. (1971) 32, 165-179

J.L. Derissen
Crystal Structure and Conformation of Methylmalonic Acid
Acta Cryst. (1970) B26, 901-904

A. Rosenzweig, D.T. Cromer
The Crystal Structure of (NH4)4UF8
Acta Cryst. (1970) B26, 38-44

H.D. Flack
Interpretation of Anomalous Streaks in Crystals of Anthrone
Acta Cryst. (1970) A26, 678-680

J.C. Taylor, M.H. Mueller, R.L. Hitterman
A Neutron Diffraction Study of Ferroelectric, KFCT, K4Fe(CN)6.3D2O, above the Curie Temperature
Acta Cryst. (1970) A26, 559-567

top of document

C.T. Grainger, J.F. McConnell
The Crystal Structure of 1-p-Nitrobenzeneazo-2-naphtol (Para Red) from Overlapped Twin-Crystal Data
Acta Cryst. (1969) B25, 1962-1970

C.T. Grainger, J.F. McConnell
The Twinning in 1-p-Nitrobenzeneazo-2-naphtol (Para Red)
Acta Cryst. (1969) A25, 422-426

C.H. Wei
Structural Analyses of Tetracobalt Dodecacarbonyl and Tetrarhodium Dodecacarbonyl. Crystallographic Treatments of a Disordered Structure and a Twinned Composite
Inorg. Chem. (1969) 8, 2384-2397

C. Sabelli, P. Tangocci, P.F. Zanazzi
The Crystal Structure of Pyridazino[4,5-d]pyridazine
Acta Cryst. (1969) B25, 2231-2236

J.L. Derissen, H.J. Endeman, A.F. Peerdeman
The Crystal and Molecular Structure of L-Aspartic Acid
Acta Cryst. (1968) B24, 1349-1354

H. Takeda, J.D.H. Donnay, D.E. Appleman
Djurleite twinning
Z. Krist. (1967) 125, 414-422

H.P. Weber, R.F. Bryan
Metal-Metal Bonding in Coordination Complexes. IV. The Structure of Triphenyltin Pentacarbonyl Manganese
Acta Cryst. (1967) 22, 822-836

I.L. Karle, J.A. Estlin, K. Britts
The Structure of the Twinned Crystal of D,L-6-Thioctic Acid, C8H14O2S2
Acta Cryst. (1967) 22, 567-573

K. Huml
The Crystal Structure of Some Conducting Organic Substances. II. Projection of the Crystal Structure of the Iodide of N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine Radical
Acta Cryst. (1967) 22, 29-32

F.H. Herbstein
Twinned Crystals. III. Nitroaniline
Acta Cryst. (1965) 19, 590-595

R.C.G. Killean, P. Tollin, D.G. Watson, D.W. Young
Twinning in p-aminobenzoic acid
Acta Cryst. (1965) 19, 482-483

F.H. Herbstein
Twinned Crystals. II. 1,2:4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene
Acta Cryst. (1965) 18, 997-1000

J.D. Dunitz, P. Pauling
Polymorphism in Anhydrous Cobalt Sulphate
Acta Cryst. (1965) 18, 737-740

W.H. Zachariasen, H.A. Plettinger
Extinction in Quartz
Acta Cryst. (1965) 18, 710-714

W.A. Dollase
Reinvestigation of the structure of low cristobalite
Z. Krist. (1965) 121, 369-377

A. Zalkin, J.D. Forrester, D.H. Templeton
The Crystal Structure of Sodium Fluosilicate
Acta Cryst. (1964) 17, 1408-1412

F.H. Herbstein
Twinned Crystals. I. 10-Methyl-1,2-benzanthracene
Acta Cryst. (1964) 17, 1094-1096

A. Braibanti, G. Bigliardi, A.M. Lanfredi, M. Camellini
Relations between structure and twinning in crystals of bis-(hydrazine)metal(II) chlorides
Z. Krist. (1964) 120, 261-277

E.G. Boonstra, F.H. Herbstein
Composite Hexabromobenzene Crystals
Acta Cryst. (1963) 16, 252-255

top of document

S.C. Nyburg, J. Hilton
Molecular Structure of Cyclooctatetraene Dimers. I. The 1:1 Silver Nitrate Adduct of the Dimer which melts at 38.5 C.
Acta Cryst. (1959) 12, 116-121

J.D. Dunitz
The Crystal Structures of Copper Dipyridine Dichloride and the Violet Form of Cobalt Dipyridine Dichloride
Acta Cryst. (1957) 10, 307-313

F.H. Kruse, R.E. Marsh, J.D. McCullough
The Crystal Structure of p,p'-Dichlorodiphenyl Diselenide and p,p'-Dichlorodiphenyl Ditelluride
Acta Cryst. (1957) 10, 201-209

V.J. Hurst, J.D.H. Donnay, G. Donnay
Staurolite twinning
Mineral. Mag. (1956) 31, 145-163

G. MacLennan, C.A. Beevers
The Crystal Structure of Monocalcium Phosphate Monohydrate, Ca(H2PO4)2.H2O
Acta Cryst. (1956) 9, 187-190

R. Westrik, C.H. MacGillavry
The Crystal Structure of the Asbestos-Like Form of Sulphur Trioxide
Acta Cryst. (1954) 7, 764-767

top of document

G. Friedel
Sur les macles du quartz
Bull. Soc. Franc. Mineral. (1923) 46, 79-95

top of document

Experimental Methods without Diffraction

F.R. Massaro, M. Bruno, M. Rubbo
Surface structure, morphology and (110) twin of aragonite
CrystEngComm. (2014) 16, 627-635

H. Grimmer, B. Delley
Density functional calculations of polysynthetic Brazil twinning in alpha-quartz
Acta Cryst. (2012) A68, 359-365

M. Bruno, F.R. Massaro, M. Rubbo, M. Prencipe, D. Aquilano
(10.4), (01.8), (01.2), and (00.1) Twin Laws of Calcite (CaCO3): Equilibrium Geometry of the Twin Boundary Interfaces and Twinning Energy
Cryst. Growth Design (2010) 10, 3102-3109

K. Momma, T. Nagase, Y. Kudoh, T. Kuribayashi
Computational simulations of the structure of Japan twin boundaries in quartz
Eur. J. Mineral. (2009) 21, 373-383

S. Heinemann, R. Wirth, G. Dresen
TEM study of a special grain boundary in a synthetic K-feldspar bicrystal: Manebach Twin
Phys Chem Minerals (2003) 30, 125-130

A. I. Chepurov, V. M. Sonin, A. I. Fedorov
Formation on Growth Twins on Mutual Contact of Diamond Crystals
Cryst. Res. Technol. (2000) 35, 921-927

J.F. Blackburn, E.K.H. Salje
Time evolution of twin domains in cordierite: a computer simulation study
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals (1999) 26, 275-296

J.F. Blackburn, E.K.H. Salje
The formation of needle shaped twin domains in cordierite: a computer simulation study
J. Appl. Phys. (1999) 85, 2414

H.F. Lieberman, L. Williams, R.J. Davey, R.G. Pritchard
Molecular Configuration at the Solid-Solid Interface: Twinning in Saccharin Crystals
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1998) 120, 686-691

H. Klapper, Th. Hahn, S.J. Chung
Optical, Pyroelectric and X-ray Topographic Studies of Twin Domains and Twin Boundaries in KLiSO4
Acta Cryst. (1987) B43, 147-159

T. Tagai, H. Ried, W. Joswig, M. Korekawa
Kristallographische Untersuchungen eines Petalits mittels Neutronenbeugung und Transmissionselektronenmikroskopie
Z. Krist. (1982) 160, 159-170

D.J. Barber, H.-R. Wenk
Deformation Twinning in Calcite, Dolomite, and Other Rhombohedral Carbonates
Phys. Chem. Minerals (1979) 5, 141-165

R. Boistelle, D. Aquilano
Interaction Energies at Twin Boundaries and Effects of the Dihedral Reentrant and Salient Angles on the Growth Morphology of Twinned Crystals
Acta Cryst. (1978) A34, 406-413

R. Boistelle, D. Aquilano
Interaction Energy and Growth Mechanisms on Twinned and Polytypic Crystals of Long-Chain Even n-Alkanes. I. Interaction-Energy Calculations
Acta Cryst. (1977) A33, 642-648

G. Donnay, J.D.H. Donnay, S. Iijima
A High-Resolution Electron Micrograph of the Twin Boundary in Pyrite
Acta Cryst. (1977) A33, 622-626

top of document

Page maintained by Martin Lutz. Last change 10-May-2021.
e-mail to Martin Lutz